If your primary exercise is walking — and you’ve even jumped onto the fitness bandwagon with an activity tracker to keep up with your number of steps and calories burned — I have some news you should really appreciate…
Mostly likely you are burning even more calories than you think.
That’s because fitness researchers have come up with a better equation to measure the energy you expend when walking.
A new study at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, found that under firm, level ground conditions, the leading standard equations are relatively inaccurate and have significant bias. The standards predicted too few calories burned in 97 percent of the cases researchers examined, said SMU physiologist Lindsay Ludlow.
The new standard equation developed by the researchers involved is about four times more accurate at calculating results for kids and adults walkers, and two to three times better at adult calculations.
“Our new equation is formulated to apply regardless of the height, weight and speed of the walker,” said Ludlow, a researcher in the SMU Locomotor Laboratory of biomechanics expert Peter Weyand. “And it’s appreciably more accurate.”
“The economy of level walking is a lot like shipping packages — there is an economy of scale,” said Weyand, a co-author on the paper. “Big people get better gas mileage when fuel economy is expressed on a per-pound basis.”
The SMU equation predicts the calories burned as a person walks on a firm, level surface. Ongoing research is expanding the algorithm to predict the calories burned while walking up- and downhill, and while carrying loads, Ludlow said.
Measuring calories burned
Before this study, it had been quite a while since the initial standardized equations — known as the “ACSM” and “Pandolf” — had undergone a comprehensive evaluation. They were developed about 40 years ago for the American college of Sports Medicine and for the military, according to Ludlow.
The new equation achieves greater accuracy by better incorporating the influence of body size, and by specifically incorporating the influence of height on gait (manner of walking) mechanics. Specifically:
Bigger people burn fewer calories on a per pound basis of their body weight to walk at a given speed or to cover a fixed distance;
The older standardized equations don’t account for size differences well, assuming roughly that one size fits all.
“The SMU approach improves upon the existing standards by including different-sized individuals and drawing on a larger database for equation formulation,” Weyand said.
Most activity trackers use the old standardized equations, while others may use a different method altogether to estimate the number of calories you may be burning. Hopefully they will all soon be updated to use the new and improved equations.
In the meantime, you can feel a little pumped just knowing that you’re probably doing better than even your best score on an average day.