Page last updated at Wednesday, March 2, 2011 7:07 AM //
Ms Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCC), on Tuesday called on governments to transform the Cancún Agreements, in Mexico into tangible action and provide clarity on the Kyoto Protocol.
“Governments must now implement quickly what they agreed in Cancún and take the next big climate step this year in Durban,” she said.
Ms Figueres described the outcome of the UN Climate Change Conference in Mexico as a solid step forward for strengthening global climate action encompassing the basis for the largest collective effort the world has ever seen to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
She said the Cancún Agreements formed the most comprehensive package ever decided by governments to help developing nations deal with climate change, and a long-term global agreement to keep average global temperatures below two degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels.
However, she warned that the sum of promises to reduce or limit emissions so far equals only 60 per cent of what the scientific community says was required by 2020 for the world to stay below 2 degrees, and that emissions need to peak by 2015 to avoid the agreed temperature goal slipping out of reach.
“Looking ahead to COP 17 (Conference of the Parties) in Durban and the international climate change activities to take place in the course of this year, Ms Figueres explained governments need to agree on a way to cut global emissions about twice as fast as they have already promised, along with increasing the certainty that they will do what they say.
“Governments meeting in Durban must resolve the remaining issues over the future of the Kyoto Protocol.
In this context, we need to keep in mind that the Kyoto Protocol remains the only working document binding international model to reduce emissions, and nations have an urgent task to decide how to move forward the protocol’s unique benefits of transparency, certainty compliance in handling national emission targets, and common but differentiated responsibilities,” she noted.
Ms Figueres said the other major challenge this year was for governments to ensure that the agreed climate finance, technology for developing nations and new institutions to manage this which were agreed at COP 16 in Mexico appear on time.
The UN’s top climate change official described three central areas in which this needs to happen: the Green Climate Fund needs to be fully operational by Durban, and industrialised countries need to agree concretely how to deliver a promised $100 billion per year by 2020.
Secondly, the UN Climate Change Secretariat needs to receive promised details of the $30 billion in fast-start financing from industrialized countries to cover 2010-2012.
Thirdly, the Cancún Adaptation Framework and Technology Mechanism need to become fully operational, through agreement on their composition and the precise ways they would work.
“By Durban, the poor and vulnerable of the world need to see real change has happened, and the businessmen, scientists and engineers who launch real solutions on the ground need to see that a new era of international climate action has truly begun,” said Ms Figueres.
“And in Durban, governments need to take the next step to increase their ambition to reduce global emissions together.”
Ms Figueres praised Japan for having subscribed to a 25 per cent emission reduction goal by 2020 (over 1990 levels), thereby demonstrating leadership, ambition and foresight.
“Japan has already invested a great deal in international climate change infrastructure, not least in the economic opportunities provided by the Kyoto Protocol,” she said.
“Japan’s national well-being is highly dependent on a secure and sustainable world economy, free of climate disaster. I am therefore confident that Japan will push for successively stronger international climate agreements to make sure that this happens,” the UNFCCC Executive Secretary said.
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