By Afedzi Abdullah, GNA
Cape Coast, Oct. 24, GNA – Dr Steve Manteaw,
Chairman of the Public Interest and Accountability Committee (PIAC), has said
it is risky for Government to rely solely on oil revenue to fund the free
Senior High School (SHS) programme.
He said the country must diversify its sources
of funding for the free SHS programme due to the instability in the oil prices
on the World market.
For instance, in 2015 and 2016 the price of
oil reached its lowest ebb of $49.49 and$40.68 per barrel respectively as
against $96.29 per barrel in 2014, a clear indication that oil money must not
be the only dependant of the policy.
The Government of Ghana (GOG) received a total
of $978.01M in revenue in 2014 but the figure dropped drastically to $396.17M
and $247.18M in 2015 and 2016 respectively.
According to him, the free SHS programme would
suffer heavily and government would struggle to fund the programme in the event
of drastic oil price reduction, if other sources of funding were not secured.
Dr Manteaw gave the caution at a Regional
Public Forum in Cape Coast on the management of Ghana’s petroleum revenues
between 2011 and 2017 on Tuesday.
The forum, which was attended by key
stakeholders such as representatives of various assemblies, religious bodies,
civil society organisations (NGOs), traditional authorities and the media, was
to provide a platform for participants to discuss and make inputs into the
management and disbursement of the petroleum revenue.
Dr Manteaw said oil revenue formed a small
portion of the total revenue of the country and underscored the need to focus
on other sources of revenue, adding that “we cannot solve or rely solely on oil
money to solve all our problems”.
He said it was important that the country’s
oil and mineral resources were channelled into areas that would benefit
Ghanaians in a more productive way.
According to the PIAC Chairman, attempts had
been made to use petroleum revenues to tackle many national problems at the
same time, which had weakened the potential impact of the resource on the
socio-economic development of Ghana.
He noted that for the years under review, oil
revenues had been misappropriated, non-judiciously used and had not given the
country value for money.
In this regard, he said there ought to be a
properly defined guideline in the selection of the priority areas for
He added that few legacy projects should be
identified and supported by the Annual Budget Funding Amount (ABFA).
He also implored government to mention all
projects being funded with oil money in its 2019 budget for the purposes of
Dr Manteaw said PIAC would continue to monitor
and ensure compliance of the Petroleum Revenue Management Act (PRMA) by
government and relevant institutions in the management and use of petroleum
resources and provide a platform for public debate and individual assessments.
He expressed the readiness of PIAC to
collaborate with other accountability institutions of the state to strictly
monitor the utilisation of petroleum revenue and prosecute persons found
culpable of misappropriation when the need arise.
Participants at the forum advocated for the
Petroleum Revenue Management Act (PRMA) to be amended to give PIAC a
prosecutorial powers to prosecute those found to have misappropriated oil
revenue and other acts of corruption.
They were also of the view that a similar
accountable committee be established to oversee the total revenue of the
country to ensure judicious use of revenue generated in the country.