Eye disorder may have helped Leonardo da Vinci’s art

City University of London professor Christopher Tyler, who conducted the research, said: “Several great artists, from Rembrandt to Picasso, are thought to have had strabismus, and it seems Da Vinci had it too”.

“The condition is rather convenient for a painter, since viewing the world with one eye allows direct comparison with the flat image being drawn or painted,” he said.

Tyler carried out the research by fitting circles and ellipses to the pupils, irises and eyelid apertures and then measuring the relative position of these features.

Da Vinci, who lived between 1452 and 1519, was an Italian polymath whose interests ranged from art to engineering and natural science.

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