By Rita Adjeley Adjei, GNA
Accra, Oct. 18, GNA – The African Cancer
Organization (ACO), with its partners, is organising series of breast
cancer-related events to generate increased awareness and also raise support to
promote breast cancer prevention in Ghana.
According to the ACO, breast cancer is the
most frequent cancer among women, with more than two million women, being
diagnosed annually and some 627,000 deaths, which represented about 15 per cent
of all cancer deaths among women.
It said it was important to generate greater
awareness and raise support to promote breast cancer prevention because the
disease had been increasing in many developing countries for the past decade.
It explained that breast cancer referred to
cancers that could develop in any part of the breast tissue; an abnormal growth
of breast cells, which may start as a tiny lump in the breast.
Each breast, the ACO said, was made up of 15
to 20 lobes, situated on the chest muscles that covered the ribs.
“The lobes contain smaller lobules, which
contain groups of tiny glands that can produce milk and milk flows from the
lobules through thin tubes, named ducts, to the nipples,” it said.
“The nipple is in the centre of a dark area of
skin called the areola with fat, which fills the spaces between the lobules and
The breasts also contain lymph vessels and
these vessels lead to small, round organs called lymph nodes and they are
located near the breast in the axilla (armpit), above the collarbone, in the
chest behind the breastbone and in many other parts of the body.
The lymph nodes, it explained trapped
bacteria, cancer cells, or other harmful substances.
Breast cancer could spread to almost any other
part of the body and the most common parts are the lymph nodes in the axilla,
bones, liver, lungs, and the brain.
According to the ACO, the high incidence of
the disease was leading to many premature deaths with related socioeconomic
suffering in developing countries.
The ACO said, unfortunately, breast cancer was
likely to continue to increase with increased Westernisation.
The ACO stated that, the majority of breast
cancer patients in Ghana, reported late to health facilities so most of the
treatment offered became ineffective.
“By making changes to the food we eat, the
level of exercise we undertake and maintaining a normal body weight, along with
early detection, screening and other lifestyle changes, majority of breast
cancers can be prevented,” it advised.