Salt water can calm inflammation by knocking down the kind of acidity that leads to throat irritation. It may also help draw infections or irritants to the surface of your throat, where your body is better able to deal with them. Dissolve ¼ to ½ teaspoon of salt in eight ounces of warm water.
Those first few swallows may not be pleasant. But just as icing down a twisted ankle can dull the pain and prevent swelling, drinking icy liquids can both numb your throat and calm some of the inflammation that’s causing you pain.
Acid reflux is a common cause of sore throat, Comer says. That means anything you do to stoke your reflux could prolong or worsen your sore throat. For that reason, Comer recommends avoiding soda, fried foods, or citrus fruits like oranges and lemons. Also, skip food altogether during the hour before bed. Eating before you lie down can promote reflux, experts warn.