Business News of Friday, 18 December 2015
The Government of Ghana must make full disclosure on the $7 billion oil and gas deal with energy firm ENI, local policy think tank Imani Ghana has demanded.
Speaking at the 5th IMANI Inspirational Public Sector Leadership Awards Wednesday December 16, 2015, Founding President Franklin Cudjoe said the Government must learn from the current suspicion-riddled power purchase deal with AMERI Energy and try to avoid a similar fate with the ENI project.
A Norwegian newspaper, VG, recently published that a former CEO of AMERI, Umar Farooq Zahoor, who witnessed the deal on behalf of the Dubai-based firm, is a known criminal on Interpol’s wanted list.
The paper also reported that Ghana could have bought the 10 turbines meant to provide 225MW of power, at $220 million, rather than the $510 million Build, Operate, Own, and Transfer (BOOT) deal reached between the two parties.
It also said despite AMERI having an address, the firm’s physical location was untraceable. The website for the firm, according to the paper, was also constructed and put up just two months ago.
The newspaper’s revelations have cast a slur on the sanctity of the contract, leading to Ghana’s biggest opposition party, NPP, as well as energy think tank, Africa Centre for Energy Policy (ACEP), and pressure group OccupyGhana, calling for a probe into the deal. The Government of Ghana and AMERI have, however, issued separate statements defending the deal and denying the claims of the paper.
Mr Cudjoe, however, said, “it will be in the interest of the government and Ghana to consider critical commentary that have been made on energy projects such as AMERI power and ensure that the biggest one to come, the $7bn Eni project, is equally devoid of suspicion.”
“Most importantly, government should publish all these contracts so we can all make positive contributions and remove the elements of surprise. It makes no good reading suspicions in the international media about your country’s energy deals when we can avoid them altogether by first accounting to us locally. Government should make us prouder defending them internationally by giving us the tools of non-negotiable transparency,” Mr Cudjoe said.
ENI recently gave the government of Ghana the assurance of its commitment to the development of the West African oil producer’s oil and gas industry despite the continuously falling price of crude oil on the world market.
ENI’s Executive Vice-President for the oil firm’s sub-Sahara African Regional Branch, Mr. Umberto Carrara, gave the assurance to the Government of Ghana when he paid a courtesy call on Petroleum Minister Emmanuel Armah-Kofi Buah on December 7. He said despite the fact that the oil price fall has forced many Exploration and Production (E&P) companies to cut tens of billions of dollars in capital spending, ENI will remain committed to its operations on the Offshore Cape Three Points (OCTP) Sankofa Gas Project.
The Offshore Cape Three Points (OCTP) Integrated Oil and Gas Project include the combined development of the Sankofa Main, Sankofa East, Gye Nyame, Sankofa East Cenomanian and Sankofa East Campanian fields. The former three are non-associated gas fields while the latter two are oil fields. The development of the fields started in January 2015.
The fields are located within the OCTP block in the Tano Basin, at water depths ranging from 600m to 1,000m and approximately 60km off the coast of Ghana. The area covered by the fields is approximately 694km².
Eni’s subsidiary, Eni Ghana Exploration and Production, is the operator of the block and holds a majority stake of 47.22% in the same. Vitol Upstream Ghana holds a 37.78% interest in the block and state-owned Ghana National Petroleum Corporation holds a 15% interest, with an option to further increase its share by an additional 5%.
The overall investment on the project is estimated to reach $7bn. The World Bank is providing a partial risk guarantee for the project.
OCTP reserves and production
The offshore fields are estimated to hold approximately 1.5 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of gas and approximately 500 million barrels of oil. The reserves are expected to continuously feed Ghana’s thermal power plants for more than 20 years.
Oil production from the project is expected to start in 2017 and peak at 80,000 barrels of oil a day in 2019, whereas gas production is expected to start in 2018, with a daily production capacity of 170 million cubic feet. This would be enough to generate an additional 1,100MW of power for Ghana.
Ghana’s OCTP development details
The development plan calls for the installation of subsea production systems, in addition to flowlines and risers connected to a leased floating, production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel.
The contract for the chartering, operation and maintenance of the FPSO was awarded to Yinson Holdings in January 2015. The charter period is for a term of 15 years with an option to extend it by five more years. The contract value is currently estimated at $2.54bn, but will increase to $3.25bn if Eni opts for the additional five-year chartering extension.
OCTP FPSO details
The OCTP FPSO will be converted from the Yinson Genesis tanker (formerly Ulriken) which, Yinson Holdings acquired from Golden State Petro in October 2014. It will have a storage capacity of 1.7 million barrels, oil processing capacity of 58,000 barrels a day, gas injection capacity of 150 million standard cubic feet a day (Mmscfd), and maximum future gas-export capacity of 210Mmscfd.
OCTP gas and oil export facilities
Gas from the fields will be processed in the FPSO and transported via a pipeline to onshore gas-receiving facilities located near the village of Sanzule in the western region of Ghana. The gas will further be compressed and injected into the Western Corridor Gas Pipeline and supplied to domestic industrial customers. Crude oil will be stored in the FPSO and will be supplied to international markets by means of tankers.
Ghana’s Ministry of Energy has further agreed to enhance the gas transmission system with compression stations and connections to industrial users, to complement the OCTP project.
Discovery and drilling of the Offshore Cape Three Points fields The Sankofa field was discovered in September 2009, with the drilling of the Sankofa-1 well in a water depth of 866m and to a total depth of 3,704m. It encountered high-quality reservoir sands containing 36m of net oil and gas.
The well is situated approximately 35km east of the Jubilee fields.
The field was further appraised in April 2011 by drilling the Sankofa-2 well at a water depth of 864m. It flowed 29.5Mmscfd of high-quality gas and 1,000boepd of 52° API condensate during test. It confirmed the presence of 35m net gas and condensate sands of the Cretaceous age.
The Gye Nyame field was discovered in July 2011 by drilling the Gye Nyame 1 well. The well was drilled to a total depth of 3,349m at a water depth of 519m and encountered significantly thick gas and condensate sands. The field is located 16km east of the Sankofa field.
The Sankofa East field was discovered by drilling the Sankofa East-1X well in September 2012. The well was drilled to a total depth of 3,650m in 825m of water, and encountered 28m of gas and condensate and 76m of gross oil pay in Cretaceous sandstones. It produced about 5,000 barrels of high-quality oil a day during test.
The Sankofa East 2A well, the first appraisal well of the Sankofa East, was drilled in January 2013 to confirm the extension of the oil accumulation in the Cenomanian sequence. It was drilled to a total depth of 4,050m in water depth of 990m and encountered 23m of gas and 17m of net gas, as well as 32m of net oil in Cretaceous sands.