On 27 February 1900, eleven football players in Munich split from their previously-existing sports club to form FC Bayern Munich. The new club would go on to become one of Europe’s most successful clubs, winning a record 21 German league titles, a record 14 German Cup trophies, and eight European titles.
Those eleven players were members of MÃ¼nchner TurnVerein 1879, which focused primarily on gymnastics. When a majority of the club decided not to allow their footballing contingent to join the German Football Association, the eleven left the club and started their own, selecting Franz John to be the new club’s first president.
Bayern enjoyed early regional successes, then won their first national title in 1932 under coach Richard Kohn. Kohn, who was Jewish, left the club in 1933 to escape the Third Reich, and Bayern went into a fallow period that lasted throughout the war years. By the mid-1960s, however, they had started a resurgence behind players such as Franz Beckenbauer, Gerd MÃ¼ller, and Sepp Maier.
They dominated the Budesliga from the ’70s onward, winning 20 of their 24 league titles and 10 of their 17 German Cup trophies between 1971 and 2008. They also established their European credentials with three consecutive European Cup trophies from 1974 to 1976, then winning it again in 2001 and 2013.
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