Memory can be improved simply by clenching the fists, a study suggests.
Clenching the right hand for 90 seconds helps in memory formation, while the same movement in the left improves memory recall, say US psychologists.
In an experiment, 50 adults performed better at remembering words from a long list when they carried out these movements.
The researchers think clenching a fist activates specific brain regions that are associated with memory processing.
Lead scientist Ruth Propper, of Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey, said the research suggests simple body movements can improve memory by temporarily changing the way the brain functions.
“Clenching your right hand immediately prior to learning information and clenching your left hand immediately before recalling it would be helpful to improve memory,” Dr Propper told BBC News.
Past research has shown that right hand clenching activates the left hemisphere of the brain, while left hand clenching activates the right hemisphere.
This has been associated with emotions – for example right hand clenching with happiness or anger, and left hand clenching with sadness or anxiety.
Memory processing is thought to use both sides of the brain – the left for encoding memories and the right for retrieving them.
Future research will examine whether hand clenching can also improve other mental processes, for example verbal or spatial abilities, and memory of pictures and places, as well as words.
However, more work needs to be done in more subjects to be certain of the results.
Prof Neil Burgess, of University College London Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, said a larger study was needed to be certain of a specific effect on memory.
This should include brain scans to look at blood flow to the left or right hemispheres of the brain.
Commenting on the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, he said: “Ideally replication would use a more powerful design (i.e. more people or a within-subjects design) and include fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging to measures brain activity) verification of the effect on blood flow.”