This development, according to the Institute, could have a multiplying negative effect on the nationÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s bid to achieve a breakthrough in the development of the health sector and traditional plant medicine, if serious measures were not adopted to improve the situation.
Dr. Ebenezer Owusu-Sekyere, a Senior Research Scientist at the FORIG, said majority of Africans depended on traditional medicine for their health care and that currently, the African continent has about 2,500 plants with medicinal purposes and properties.
He was speaking at a dayÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s project workshop to brainstorm on the conservation and the utilization of medicinal plants in Ghana at Fumesua near Kumasi at the weekend.
The project is being executed under the auspices of the International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO) and being sponsored by Switzerland, Japan and the United States of America (USA).
Dr. Owusu-Sekyere said, the project would be implemented in the Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Western, Central and Eastern Regions and that the FORIG had identified fifteen communities within these regions in which the project would be effective.
He said the project looks at the critical importance of medicinal plants in poor communities where relatively cheap western medicines remain prohibitively expensive and also to document the distribution, utilization and practice conservation methods for sustainable supply of medicinal plants from three different ecological zones in Ghana.
He was not happy that habitat destruction and over exploitation had resulted in he situation where sources of medicinal were becoming increasingly scarce, stressing that the time has come for stakeholders to support the ITTO project to help reclaim the lost medicinal plants.
Dr. Owusu-Sekyere noted that among some of the activities to be undertaken during the project included, ranking of priority medicinal plants species for each of the beneficiary communities, distribution of rare seedlings for planting and collection and raising of planting materials for the preferred but difficult to propagate medicinal plant species.