International relations expert, Dr Vladmir Antwi Danso says the world today is more insecure than ever due to the misstep and eagerness by political leaders to create security, rather leading to insecurity in the world.
He made this assertion in a conversation with the Executive Director of the West African Network for Peace building (WANEP) and Irbard Ibrahim, an International security analyst. They were speaking on Vladmir’s Take on Multi TV.
He added that, equality under the law should propel the state, through its institutions to ensure equitable distribution of resources and that, people should feel secured not just in term of safety but enjoy the basic needs in life.
“Once the welfare of the citizenry is protected, the sovereignty of the nation is also protected,” he added.
Emmanuel Bombande, in his submission, blamed the current situation on a global systemic problem resulting from slave trade colonialism, imperialism, the cold war, post cold war which has been protracted over decades.
He maintains there is a lack of global political will to ensure equity to enable people to rise up despite whatever suppresses them. He also attributed current global conflicts to violent extremism which is often premised on religion, sectarian divisions, whether ethnic or geographical.
The global architecture made up of the IMF, World Bank, World Trade Organisation (WTO) and other pillars, in Bombande’s view are not responsive enough to meet the challenges of today. The proof of that is the growing relegation of the UN system in the background and the increasing role of regional organisations such as ECOWAS in tackling insecurity in various forms.
He impressed upon African countries to employ preventive diplomacy in potential conflict situations and set up the architecture to deal with national and regional security, as well as chronic developmental challenges for economic growth and job creation.
Bombande commended former UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, for his agenda to reform the UN, which to him, is a blueprint in spite of the challenges in dealing with the post 9/11 unprecedented crisis.
Irbard added that, there is a lot of volatility in our contemporary times, with most of the conflicts revolving around Africa, the near Asia, and the Middle East.
“This is due to a yawning disconnect between the middle class and the general masses. Stooges do not come from anywhere to fight a war, rather there are internal mechanisms which are activated to cause war,” he said.
In Rwanda, Uganda, DR Congo, South Sudan and the Central African Republic currently, certain interests and external influences have triggered and still continue to create armed conflicts.
He argued that, there seems to be a coalition course between the current paradigm in the world and some people elsewhere who think there needs to be a tweak in the current world order.
The security Analyst concluded that, much as individual states have responsibilities to ensure effective military and policing force to protect the people, they should gear their resources at the people to avoid disenchantment and distraction within the state.
Again, Dr. Antwi Danso said conflict zones in Africa are very high, and about half of the continent have some form of conflict or the other, creating a lot of insecurity, especially with the use of child soldiers for armed conflicts, which paints a bad impression in the eyes of the international community.
Southern Africa in terms of open warfare and open fire is relatively stable, compared to northern Africa which appears volatile.
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