ALCOHOL misuse is a multifaceted problem that includes hazardous use, harmful use, and dependence. Hazardous use, as defined by the World Health Organization, is ‘a pattern of alcohol consumption carrying with it a risk of harmful consequences,’ physical, mental, or social. It includes drinking more than the limits recommended by health authorities or imposed by the law. Harmful use, also called alcohol abuse, involves drinking that is already provoking either physical or mental damage but has not yet led to dependence. Dependence has been described as ‘the loss of control to abstain from drinking.’ An alcohol-dependent person craves alcohol, continues to drink despite various alcohol-induced problems, and suffers from withdrawal in its absence. No matter what your age, gender, or nationality, you are not free from the risks of hazardous drinking. Consequently, this article discusses some of the positive and negative effects of alcohol intake.
POSITIVE EFFECTS: In the case of moderate use, alcohol has positive effects. You can get livelier, easier and relaxed. You can talk more easily and feel less tired.
According to some researchers, moderate alcohol use protects against cardiovascular diseases. This means a maximum of 2-3 glasses of wine or beer a day for men, and 1 to 2 glasses a day for women.
Socially, some people claim that it also has positive effects. It provides a lot of employment in the production, catering and retail of products and services in which alcohol plays a part. Also, people claim that alcoholic beverages help people socialize.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS: Excessive alcohol use increases the risk of a number of diseases: fatty degeneration of the liver, infection of the liver, liver cirrhosis, sleeping disorders, sexual problems, infection of the esophagus, infection of the stomach, infection of the pancreas, premature dementia, varying from a reduction of memory to the serious syndrome of Korsakoff; cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx, intestines and breasts; hypertension and heart problems. Alcohol has some known damaging effects during pregnancy. Also alcohol takes its toll in traffic as leading cause of most road accidents.
Alcohol plays an important role in aggression. Most of incidents involving aggression occur while under the influence of alcohol. The police spend a large percentage of their time on cases involving alcohol (abuse). Violence on the streets and domestic violence while under the influence of alcohol happen often.
At work, alcohol has big consequences. Some researches show that 13% of all employees on sick leave have alcohol problems. It further states that employees with alcohol problems produce at least 10% less work than their colleagues. The fact is that alcohol can make (some) people irresponsible; for example, getting pregnant in circumstances where they are not able to care for a child.
On the last day of Lincoln’s life, the great emancipator said: “We have cleared up a colossal job. Slavery is abolished. After reconstruction the next great question will be the overthrow and suppression of the legalized liquor traffic.” Whether or not the world has vastly benefited from legalization of all intoxicating drinks seems to many that the open question to all of us would be, Does the nature of human well-being need these intoxicating drinks on our menu at any prescribed age? Well, the world has an insatiable appetite for profits at the expense of many things that brings true peace to human kind. The world is yet to see the legalization of prostitution, marijuana, cannibalism and other worst things you may ever think of at large scale, but all these for what? It may seem to be a far-fetched scenario but watch out..! The so called developed countries have continued polluting the globe to remain powerful all because of profit whilst the developing nations remain lagging behind with environmentally friendly technology like hydro power generation of electricity.
JONES H. MUNANG’ANDU (author)
Motivational speaker, health commentator &
Email; [email protected]Skype id; jones .muna
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