HIV prevalence rate stabilizes at 1.5 per cent in Ghana
Currently, the HIV prevalence rate among adults in Ghana has stabilized at 1.5 per cent, after declining from 2.7 per cent in 2005, the Ghana AIDS Commission (GAC) has said.
An estimated 12,077 new infections occurred in 2011, out of which 1,707 were children.
Madam Mary Oforiwaa Asante, Director of Policy at GAC disclosed this when she presented an overview of the HIV situation in Ghana at a Regional Dissemination of the Revised National HIV and AIDS, STI Policy in the Upper West Region at Wa on Monday.
She mentioned low condom use, multiple and concurrent sexual partners, stigma and discrimination and the inability of key vulnerable populations to adopt protective behaviors and access HIV and AIDS STI services as some of the main determinants of HIV in Ghana.
According to Madam Oforiwaa Asante, HIV and AIDS contributed significantly to morbidity and mortality rates in Ghana and had dire social and psychological impacts on both the infected and affected.
She cited lack of sustainable funding for the national response strategy, shortage of the ARV, test kits and logistics, weak capacity and low coverage of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) as some of the main challenges hindering the fight against HIV in the country.
The GAC Policy Director said the overall goal of the revised national HIV and AIDS, STI Policy was to create a favourable environment for each aspect of HIV and AIDS including other STIs in relation to their prevention, care and support.
She said the objective was to halt and reverse the incidence of new infections with an ultimate aim to achieve zero new infections, eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and reduce HIV associated morbidity and mortality to ensure the continued survival of men, women and children who were infected with the virus among others.