Posted: Thursday 14th August 2014 at 13:56 pm

Guinea declares Ebola emergency








A health worker in light protective gear walks on 31 March 2014 in the yard of the isolation ward of the Donka hospital in Conakry, GuineaGuinea was the first country to be hit by the epidemic earlier this year

Guinea has a declared a national health emergency as it battles to curb the spread of the deadly Ebola virus.

This meant tighter border controls, the immediate isolation of anyone suspected to have Ebola and a ban on moving bodies from one town to another, state radio reported.

Ebola has killed more than 1,000 people in West Africa amid fears that it could spread to East Africa.

This is the deadliest outbreak since the disease was discovered in 1976.

There is no cure for Ebola, but the first consignment of the experimental drug, ZMapp, has arrived in Liberia from the US, reports the BBC’s Jonathan Paye-Layleh from the capital, Monrovia.

On Tuesday, the World Health Organization (WHO) approved giving patients untested drugs.

Ebola’s initial flu-like symptoms can lead to external haemorrhaging from areas such as eyes and gums, and internal bleeding which can lead to organ failure. Patients have a better chance of survival if they receive early treatment.


Nurse ‘skipped quarantine’

The outbreak began in Guinea in February and has killed 377 people in the country.

It has since spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria, which have all declared a national health emergency, claiming a total of 1,069 lives by Wednesday, according to WHO.


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Ebola virus disease (EVD)


Coloured transmission electron micro graph of a single Ebola virus, the cause of Ebola fever

  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage
  • Fatality rate can reach 90% – but the current outbreak is about 55%
  • Incubation period is two to 21 days
  • There is no vaccine or cure
  • Supportive care such as rehydrating patients who have diarrhoea and vomiting can help recovery
  • Fruit bats are considered to be virus’ natural host

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Guinea’s President Alpha Conde, in a statement read out on state radio, said people who had been in contact with Ebola victims were “formally banned from leaving their homes until the end of their surveillance period”.

Anyone who contravened the measures would be considered “a threat to public health and will face the might of the law”, the statement said.

In Nigeria, where a third person died of Ebola on Tuesday, Health Minister Onyebuchi Chukwu said a doctor had been infected, bringing to 11 the number of confirmed cases in Africa’s most populous state.

The doctor had initially treated Liberian government employee Patrick Sawyer, who brought the disease to Nigeria’s main city, Lagos, last month and died in quarantine, Mr Chukwu said.

He added that a nurse who also caught Ebola from Mr Sawyer was in an isolation ward in Lagos – the only place in Nigeria so far affected by Ebola.


The body of a man suspected of dying from the Ebola virus lies on the ground, as health workers, right, spray themselves with disinfectant, in the capital city of Monrovia, Liberia (12 August 2014)Bodily fluids spread the virus

On Wednesday, Nigeria’s information minister said the nurse had been brought back to Lagos after disobeying medical instructions by travelling to the eastern city of Enugu.

Labaran Maku said 21 people who had contact with her in Enugu were “being watched” but the health minister said the number was six.

In other developments:

  • Nigeria has withdrawn from the Youth Olympics in China, due to start on Saturday, after Chinese officials quarantined its athletes
  • Korean Air Lines says it will stop flying to Kenya from 20 August after WHO identified it as a “high-risk” country for the spread of Ebola.
  • Kenya Airways has rejected pressure from the local medical association to suspend all flights to Ebola-hit states, saying the WHO has not recommended a ban on air travel.

This is the first time West Africa has been affected by Ebola – previous outbreaks have affected East and Central Africa.


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Ebola: Mapping the outbreak


Map: Ebola outbreak in West Africa

  • Outbreak of an undetermined viral haemorrhagic fever begins in Guinea in February
  • Identified as Ebola in March
  • Researchers have since traced the first case to the death of two-year-old Guinean child in December 2013

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