Africa is the second most populous continent in the world; more than 1.1 billion people live in this large continent. It hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, languages and cultures. Africa has seen some of the bloodiest conflicts in the world. As per IEP’s Global Peace Index, here are the top 10 most peaceful nations in Africa.
10) Sierra Leone
The most surprising on the list is Sierra Leone. After a decade-long civil war this nation has achieved tremendous transformation. Sierra Leone is blessed with many natural resources. Development and peace has been present in this West African nation since 2002. Sierra Leone is regarded as one of the most religiously tolerant countries in the world. The average life expectancy in Sierra Leone is around 57 years.
This large island nation is a semi-presidential representative democratic multi-party republic. You will find medical centers, hospitals and dispensaries all over the country. Education in Madagascar is free and compulsory from the ages 6 to 13. As a result of increased educational access, enrollment rates have more than doubled between 1996 and 2006.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy and the most peaceful country in North Africa. It is a member of the UN. It also belongs to the Arab League, UMA, OIC, Non Aligned Movement and the CEN_SAD. It has a liberal economy and is an ethnically diverse country. Primary education is free and compulsory.
Lesotho is a landlocked country; it is encircled by South Africa. The Government of Lesotho is a parliamentary or constitutional monarchy. The constitution provides for an independent judicial system. The nation is economically integrated with South Africa. Around 85 percent of the people older than 14 are literate.
Namibia is an oasis of peace and stability. This Southwest African nation has effectively confronted and overcome the challenges that cause widespread conflict and instability. Political parties of Namibia have displayed willingness to work together in the national interest despite differences.
This landlocked country is a presidential representative democratic republic. It is one of the most highly urbanized nations in sub-Saharan Africa. Even though Zambia is a Christian country, a wide variety of religious traditions exist here. The nation has extensive social protection, aimed a low-capacity households.
Southern African nation Angola is a member of the UN, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Latin Union and the Southern African Development Community. The nation’s motto is “Virtue is stronger when united.” Angola’s physical transformation since the end of the war has been enormous thanks to oil revenues. It is among the richest and most developed nations in Africa.
Ghana is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy. As per the 2008 GPI survey, Ghana was the most peaceful nation in Africa. Ghana has also seen two peaceful transfers of power between political parties. Even today Ghana has very few internal conflicts and has good relations with its neighbors.
In 2013, Positive Peace Index had ranked Botswana the best governed country in Africa. The constitution of this mid-sized nation protects its citizens and represents their rights. The nation’s competitive banking system is one of the best and most advanced in Africa.
This volcanic island nation has positioned itself as a trusted platform in terms of estate planning and wealth management. People of Mauritius are multiethnic and multicultural. Many people in Mauritius are multilingual. The Government of Mauritius is modeled on the Westminster parliamentary system. The nation is ranked highly by many experts for democracy and economic and political freedom. Elections are held once every five years. Laws governing the nation are derived partly from British common law and French civil law. Crime rate in the country is reducing. According to The Heritage Foundation, the trials are fair and the legal system is transparent. Mauritius has excellent relations with many countries worldwide.
Africa is more peaceful today than it had been in decades. We will hope that peace may spread to all parts of the continent.