Police-Population-Ratio in Ghana has improved from one police to 976 in 2011 to one police to 847 people in 2012, the report of the 2012 Annual Progress Report of the implementation of the Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda, 2010-2013 has revealed.
The report, however, said Ghana remained far from achieving the United Nations policing standard of one police personnel to 500 people by 2014.
According to the latest report of the country’s development policy framework, which is being reviewed for implementation for the period 2014-2017, the total number of police personnel increased from 24,818 in 2011 to 29,117 in 2012 representing 17 per cent.
The report gave the breakdown of the personnel as one Inspector General of Police (IGP), two deputy IGPs,one female and one male, eleven Commissioners of Police, two females and nine males; 23 Deputy Commissioners of Police, two females and 21 males; 72 Assistant Commissioners, nine females and 63 male.
Others are 124 Chief Superintendents, nine females and 115 males; 136 Superintendents, 16 females and 120 males; 366 Deputy Superintendents, 60 females and 306 males; 418 Assistant Superintendent, 73 females and 345 males; 1,437 Chief Inspector/DSM, 311 females and 1126 males; and 2,492 Inspectors/DSM, 397 females and 2,095 males.
The rest are 2,459 Sargeants, 602 females and 1,857 males; 3,488 Corporals, 594 females and 2,894 males; 9,079 Lance Corporals, 2,258 females and 6,821 males; 6,063 Constables, 1,642 females and 4,421 males; and 2,946 Recruits, 845 females and 2101 males.
The report said the share of women in the Ghana Police Service also increased over the period, explaining that out of the total number of 29,117 police personnel, 23.43 per cent were women, compared with 21.6 per cent in 2011.
This, a according to the report, translates to women to men ratio of 1:3 in 2012 as against 1:3.6 in 2011.
The 2012 annual progress report of the implementation of the GSGDA one said the year under review recorded an increase in the areas of traffic management, highway patrol, and community policing activities, day and night patrols and snap checks across the country.
The report attributed the increase in activities ‘mainly due to the massive recruitment in 2012, and the general elections which led to the withdrawal of some officers from various offices to support the frontline duties.’
The report said analysis of the crime data showed continuous improvement in the crime situation in 2012, explaining that a total number of 228,633 complaints were received throughout the country, representing a 1.4 per cent reduction in 2012, compared to one per cent reduction recorded in 2011.
It said 96 per cent were registered as true cases while the remaining four per cent were refused cases, regarded as trivial, civil in nature or false and so did not warrant police action.
The report said assault, stealing and threatening continued to top the commonly reported offences in 2012, constituting 39.6 per cent, 27.9 per cent and 12.3 per cent respectively.
It said similar pattern was observed in 2011 when assault, stealing and threatening constituted 41 per cent, 28.6 per cent and 12, 3 per cent respectively of the commonly reported offences.
‘Similar to 2011,major crimes including rape, defilement and robbery constituted only 1.9 per cent of the commonly reported offences, while there was decline in armed robbery cases(-8.8 per cent) and possession, use and distribution of narcotic drugs(-6.5 per cent) in 2012,there were increases in reported cases of rape(3.7 per cent) and defilement(12.4 per cent).’
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