The UK is experiencing its hottest day since July 2006 as the heatwave continues, BBC forecasters have said.
Temperatures of up to 33.3C (92F) were recorded in several parts of the UK, with the figure expected to hit 34C.
The highest UK temperature recorded before Monday was 32.2C (90F) at Hampton Waterworks, south-west London, last Wednesday.
The hot weather is expected to give way to thunderstorms and potential flooding on Monday night.
Temperatures have exceeded 33C (91F) in west London and parts of Surrey and are continuing to rise, said the BBC Weather Centre.
Before Monday the highest temperatures recorded in the UK – but outside England – were 30C at Auchtermuchty, in Fife, last Thursday; 30.1C at Castlederg, in Strabane, on Friday and 31.4C at Porthmadog, in Gwynedd, on Friday.
BBC weather forecaster Mike Silverstone said south-east England was seeing the hottest of Monday’s weather.
The heat across the Midlands, East Anglia and north-east Wales could trigger thundery showers, which is likely to filter down towards the north London area later.
“Essentially, today the atmosphere high up is starting to cool off, but at low levels it is warming, and this is creating an unstable atmosphere,” he said.
“The atmosphere likes to be in balance, and because warm air is less dense than cold air, the warm air will rise. The air parcels will keep rising until they encounter air which is warmer than them.
“Once this rising air becomes saturated, clouds start to form… The result will be isolated storms, producing some heavy rain and localised flooding where they occur.”
But he said some parts of the UK were escaping the heat – north-east England and south-east Scotland were cloudy and cool.
The Met Office’s heatwave alert system is at level three – “heatwave action” – indicating there is a 90% probability of heatwave conditions until 21:00 BST on Tuesday in parts of England.
Eastern and south-eastern England, and London, are expected to exceed thresholds later on Monday and overnight, it said.
In the four years since the system was introduced, the Met Office has never used its top – level four -category, which is a “national emergency”.
The UK is witnessing its first prolonged heatwave since 2006 – though Saturday was the first day in seven when temperatures did not exceed 30C anywhere in the country.
The hot weather has caused some problems, with grass fires in some parts of the country, including in Scotland and Epping Forest in east London.
But the current heatwave has not matched the summer of 1976, when temperatures above 32C (89.6) were recorded on 15 consecutive days.